воскресенье, 7 октября 2012 г.

The criterion of development and progress. The new theory of cost and condition of a fair exchange




This article  is the first article in the world, which is written in the meta-language. *
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1 Universal and absolute criterion of development and progress

Imagine that the money does not exist. Economy without money. How can we assess the economic processes? We are living better or worse? The economy is progressing, or vice versa? We need to find a new criterion of development and progress. If we find a new criterion, we create a new economic theory.

So, the money is not there. We produce some products, then to exchange them for other products. We are not hungry now.

Assume that a year has passed. We produce new products, then to exchange them for other new products. We are not hungry. But we are living better or worse? We need a criterion.

Suppose that we have more options. Now we can get to any place in the world, we can engage in politics or sports, read any book and listen to any music. We are living better than ever before. Society progresses, if citizens have new opportunities.

Suppose that we have a lot of opportunities, but we did not use them. Suppose that we are hungry all the time. We are searching food and do not use  other opportunities that we have. For example, if we are looking for food all the time, then do not read a book or listen to music. Therefore, the society progresses, if the citizens can make full use of  their capabilities.

If we are hungry, we are searching for food. Search of food - one of our states, which has a certain probability. The probability of this state is enhanced when we are hungry. And the likelihood of other states is reduced when we are hungry. We read less and less listening to music. We use all possible, only if the probability of all states are the same.

Society progresses, if there are new opportunities. And society progresses if the probabilities of different states are more equal. The person becomes more free in this society. There are many opportunities for people.

The entropy of a system depends on the number of possible states and the probabilities of these states. The more possible states and more than equal to the probability of these states are, the greater the entropy. Therefore, the entropy - a measure of freedom. Entropy - the criterion of development and progress.

Entropy always increases in the inorganic world, increases the freedom of individual atoms. But there comes a chaos if every atom of maximum freedom. Chaos means that the system has only one state. But if the system has only one possible state, the entropy is zero. Thus, each atom is the most free, and the system does not have freedom. System is "dead", if the entropy of the system is zero. This condition is called "heat death."

Nature has a way to increase the entropy of the atom, but not only. Nature has a way to increase the entropy of the system. This way - life. In living matter, more features, more freedom and more entropy than inanimate matter. The entropy of a living mouse is higher than the entropy of a bunch of chemicals. Life enhances freedom systems and increase their entropy.

Bonds between atoms decrease the entropy of the atoms in the inorganic world. Bonds between the atoms increase the entropy of the system in nature. Communication between people in society can increase or decrease the entropy of the people. Communication between people in society increase the entropy of the people, if the society is progressing. The modern man have more opportunities than savage. The entropy of the modern man is greater than the entropy of the savage.

Increase of entropy - the criterion of development and progress.

A strong desire to increase the likelihood of one state and reduces the likelihood of other states. Therefore, a strong desire to reduce the entropy of the person. Many religions call to overcome desire. If a person get rid of the strong desires, will increase its entropy.

Increase of entropy - the universal and absolute standard of development and progress. More entropy - more freedom.


2 The new  theory of cost and condition of a fair exchange

We will now create a new theory of value. Suppose a person number one is thirsty. Increases the likelihood that it will search for water. Decreases the probability of other states. Therefore, the entropy decreases. If a person is number one will find water, the entropy of human № 1 increase.

Suppose a person №1 has  food, and the person №2 has a water. If they perform the exchange, the person №1 will receive water, and the person №2 will receive food. Both persons will increase their entropy. Increase of entropy - the purpose of the exchange. All participants of the exchange increases its entropy. If people do not increase their entropy in the exchange, it does not agree to the exchange.

Suppose a person №1 got the water and increases its entropy by an amount ΔE(1). Person №1 in the time T will experience hunger again. Entropy was increased by ΔE (1) during the time T.

Volume of entropy (VE) is equal to the amount of entropy multiplied by time:
VE=E*Т

Person №1 got water and received an additional volume of entropy:
∆VE(1)=∆E(1)*Т

Person №2 got food and received an additional volume of entropy:
∆VE(2)=∆E(2)*Т

The exchange will be valid if ΔVE (1) = ΔVE (2)

But the person is difficult to estimate the amount of entropy objectively. Person considers fair exchange if ΔVE(1) = ΔVE (2) on its subjective view.

Entropy change over time, so the volume of entropy must be determined by the formula:
VE= ∫Edt

Then the condition of fair exchange:
∫∆ E(1)dt=∫∆ E(2)dt

 to be continued ….

* Meta-language is - a special structure of the text, which is translated by an automatic translator without loss of meaning.

P.S. This article is a very small part of my new economic  theory.

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